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# efs-utils

Utilities for Amazon Elastic File System (EFS)

The `efs-utils` package has been verified against the following Linux distributions:

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| Distribution | Package Type | `init` System |
| ------------ | ------------ | ------------- |
| Amazon Linux 2017.09 | `rpm` | `upstart` |
| Amazon Linux 2 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| CentOS 7 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| CentOS 8 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| RHEL 7 | `rpm`| `systemd` |
| RHEL 8 | `rpm`| `systemd` |
| Fedora 28 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| Fedora 29 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| Fedora 30 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| Fedora 31 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| Fedora 32 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| Debian 9 | `deb` | `systemd` |
| Debian 10 | `deb` | `systemd` |
| Ubuntu 16.04 | `deb` | `systemd` |
| Ubuntu 18.04 | `deb` | `systemd` |
| Ubuntu 20.04 | `deb` | `systemd` |
| OpenSUSE Leap | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| OpenSUSE Tumbleweed | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| SLES 12 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
| SLES 15 | `rpm` | `systemd` |
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The `efs-utils` package has been verified against the following MacOS distributions:

| Distribution | `init` System |
| ------------ | ------------- |
| MacOS Big Sur | `launchd` |

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## Prerequisites

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* `nfs-utils` (RHEL/CentOS/Amazon Linux/Fedora) or `nfs-common` (Debian/Ubuntu)
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* OpenSSL 1.0.2+
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* Python 3.4+
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* `stunnel` 4.56+

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## Installation

### On Amazon Linux distributions

For those using Amazon Linux or Amazon Linux 2, the easiest way to install `efs-utils` is from Amazon's repositories:

```
$ sudo yum -y install amazon-efs-utils
```

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### Install via AWS Systems Manager Distributor
You can now use AWS Systems Manage Distributor to automatically install or update `amazon-efs-utils`. 
Please refer to [Using AWS Systems Manager to automatically install or update Amazon EFS clients](https://docs.aws.amazon.com/efs/latest/ug/manage-efs-utils-with-aws-sys-manager.html) for more guidance.

The following are prerequisites for using AWS Systems Manager Distributor to install or update `amazon-efs-utils`:

1. AWS Systems Manager agent is installed on the distribution (For `Amazon Linux` and `Ubuntu`, AWS Systems Manager agent
is pre-installed, for other distributions, please refer to [install AWS Systems Manager agent on Linux EC2 instance](https://docs.aws.amazon.com/systems-manager/latest/userguide/sysman-install-ssm-agent.html)
for more guidance.)

2. Instance is attached with IAM role with AWS managed policy `AmazonElasticFileSystemsUtils`, this policy will enable your instance to be managed by
 AWS Systems Manager agent, also it contains permissions to support specific features.

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### On other Linux distributions

Other distributions require building the package from source and installing it.

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- To build and install an RPM:
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If the distribution is not OpenSUSE or SLES

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```
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$ sudo yum -y install git rpm-build make
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$ git clone https://github.com/aws/efs-utils
$ cd efs-utils
$ make rpm
$ sudo yum -y install build/amazon-efs-utils*rpm
```

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Otherwise

```
$ sudo zypper refresh
$ sudo zypper install -y git rpm-build make
$ git clone https://github.com/aws/efs-utils
$ cd efs-utils
$ make rpm
$ sudo zypper --no-gpg-checks install -y build/amazon-efs-utils*rpm
```

On OpenSUSE, if you see error like `File './suse/noarch/bash-completion-2.11-2.1.noarch.rpm' not found on medium 'http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/oss/'`
during installation of `git`, run the following commands to re-add repo OSS and NON-OSS, then run the install script above again.

```
sudo zypper ar -f -n OSS http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/oss/ OSS
sudo zypper ar -f -n NON-OSS http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/non-oss/ NON-OSS
sudo zypper refresh
```

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- To build and install a Debian package:

```
$ sudo apt-get update
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$ sudo apt-get -y install git binutils
$ git clone https://github.com/aws/efs-utils
$ cd efs-utils
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$ ./build-deb.sh
$ sudo apt-get -y install ./build/amazon-efs-utils*deb
```

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### On MacOS Big Sur distribution

For EC2 Mac instances running macOS Big Sur, you can install amazon-efs-utils from the [homebrew-aws](https://github.com/aws/homebrew-aws) respository.
```
brew install amazon-efs-utils
```

This will install amazon-efs-utils on your EC2 Mac Instance running macOS Big Sur in the directory `/usr/local/Cellar/amazon-efs-utils`. At the end of the installation, it will print a set of commands that must be executed in order to start using efs-utils. The instructions that are printed after amazon-efs-utils and must be executed are:

```
Perform below actions to start using efs:
    sudo mkdir -p /Library/Filesystems/efs.fs/Contents/Resources
    sudo ln -s /usr/local/bin/mount.efs /Library/Filesystems/efs.fs/Contents/Resources/mount_efs

Perform below actions to stop using efs:
    sudo rm /Library/Filesystems/efs.fs/Contents/Resources/mount_efs

To enable watchdog for using TLS mounts:
    sudo cp /usr/local/Cellar/amazon-efs-utils/<version>/libexec/amazon-efs-mount-watchdog.plist /Library/LaunchAgents
    sudo launchctl load /Library/LaunchAgents/amazon-efs-mount-watchdog.plist

To disable watchdog for using TLS mounts:
    sudo launchctl unload /Library/LaunchAgents/amazon-efs-mount-watchdog.plist
```

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#### Run tests

- [Set up a virtualenv](http://libzx.so/main/learning/2016/03/13/best-practice-for-virtualenv-and-git-repos.html) for efs-utils

```
$ virtualenv ~/.envs/efs-utils
$ source ~/.envs/efs-utils/bin/activate
$ pip install -r requirements.txt
```

- Run tests

```
$ make test
```

## Usage

### mount.efs

`efs-utils` includes a mount helper utility to simplify mounting and using EFS file systems.

To mount with the recommended default options, simply run:

```
$ sudo mount -t efs file-system-id efs-mount-point/
```

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To mount file system within a given network namespace, run:

```
$ sudo mount -t efs -o netns=netns-path file-system-id efs-mount-point/
```

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To mount file system to the mount target in specific availability zone (e.g. us-east-1a), run:

```
$ sudo mount -t efs -o az=az-name file-system-id efs-mount-point/
```

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To mount over TLS, simply add the `tls` option:
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```
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$ sudo mount -t efs -o tls file-system-id efs-mount-point/
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```

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To authenticate with EFS using the system’s IAM identity, add the `iam` option. This option requires the `tls` option.
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```
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$ sudo mount -t efs -o tls,iam file-system-id efs-mount-point/
```

To mount using an access point, use the `accesspoint=` option. This option requires the `tls` option.
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The access point must be in the "available" state before it can be used to mount EFS.
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```
$ sudo mount -t efs -o tls,accesspoint=access-point-id file-system-id efs-mount-point/
```

To mount your file system automatically with any of the options above, you can add entries to `/efs/fstab` like:

```
file-system-id efs-mount-point efs _netdev,tls,iam,accesspoint=access-point-id 0 0
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```

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For more information on mounting with the mount helper, see the manual page:
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```
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man mount.efs
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```

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or refer to the [documentation](https://docs.aws.amazon.com/efs/latest/ug/using-amazon-efs-utils.html).
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### amazon-efs-mount-watchdog
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`efs-utils` contains a watchdog process to monitor the health of TLS mounts. This process is managed by either `upstart` or `systemd` depending on your Linux distribution and `launchd` on Mac distribution, and is started automatically the first time an EFS file system is mounted over TLS.
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## Upgrading stunnel for RHEL/CentOS

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By default, when using the EFS mount helper with TLS, it enforces certificate hostname checking. The EFS mount helper uses the `stunnel` program for its TLS functionality. Please note that some versions of Linux do not include a version of `stunnel` that supports TLS features by default. When using such a Linux version, mounting an EFS file system using TLS will fail. 
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Once you’ve installed the `amazon-efs-utils` package, to upgrade your system’s version of `stunnel`, see [Upgrading Stunnel](https://docs.aws.amazon.com/efs/latest/ug/using-amazon-efs-utils.html#upgrading-stunnel).

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## Upgrading stunnel for SLES12

Run the following commands and follow the output hint of zypper package manager to upgrade the stunnel on your SLES12 instance

```bash
sudo zypper addrepo https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/security:Stunnel/SLE_12_SP5/security:Stunnel.repo
sudo zypper refresh
sudo zypper install -y stunnel
```

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## Upgrading stunnel for MacOS

The installation installs latest stunnel available in brew repository. You can also upgrade the version of stunnel on your instance using the command below:
```
brew upgrade stunnel
```


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## Enable mount success/failure notification via CloudWatch log
`efs-utils` now support publishing mount success/failure logs to CloudWatch log. By default, this feature is disabled. There are three
steps you must follow to enable and use this feature:

### Step 1. Install botocore
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`efs-utils` uses botocore to interact with CloudWatch log service . Please note the package type from the above table. 
- Download the `get-pip.py` script
#### RPM
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```bash
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sudo yum -y install wget
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```
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```bash
if [[ "$(python3 -V 2>&1)" =~ ^(Python 3.5.*) ]]; then
    sudo wget https://bootstrap.pypa.io/3.5/get-pip.py -O /tmp/get-pip.py
elif [[ "$(python3 -V 2>&1)" =~ ^(Python 3.4.*) ]]; then
    sudo wget https://bootstrap.pypa.io/3.4/get-pip.py -O /tmp/get-pip.py
else
    sudo wget https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py -O /tmp/get-pip.py
fi
```
#### DEB
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```bash
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -y install wget
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```
```bash
if echo $(python3 -V 2>&1) | grep -e "Python 3.5"; then
    sudo wget https://bootstrap.pypa.io/3.5/get-pip.py -O /tmp/get-pip.py
elif echo $(python3 -V 2>&1) | grep -e "Python 3.4"; then
    sudo wget https://bootstrap.pypa.io/3.4/get-pip.py -O /tmp/get-pip.py
else
    sudo apt-get -y install python3-distutils
    sudo wget https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py -O /tmp/get-pip.py
fi
```
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- To install botocore on RPM
```bash
sudo python3 /tmp/get-pip.py
sudo pip3 install botocore || sudo /usr/local/bin/pip3 install botocore
```
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- To install botocore on DEB
```bash
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sudo python3 /tmp/get-pip.py
sudo pip3 install botocore || sudo /usr/local/bin/pip3 install botocore
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```
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#### On Debian10 and Ubuntu20, the botocore needs to be installed in specific target folder
```bash
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sudo python3 /tmp/get-pip.py
sudo pip3 install --target /usr/lib/python3/dist-packages botocore || sudo /usr/local/bin/pip3 install --target /usr/lib/python3/dist-packages botocore
```

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#### To install botocore on MacOS
```bash
sudo pip3 install botocore
```

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### Step 2. Enable CloudWatch log feature in efs-utils config file `/etc/amazon/efs/efs-utils.conf`
```bash
sudo sed -i -e '/\[cloudwatch-log\]/{N;s/# enabled = true/enabled = true/}' /etc/amazon/efs/efs-utils.conf
```
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- For MacOS:
```bash
sudo sed -i -e '/\[cloudwatch-log\]/{N;s/# enabled = true/enabled = true/;}' /usr/local/Cellar/amazon-efs-utils/<version>/etc/amazon/efs/efs-utils.conf
```
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You can also configure CloudWatch log group name and log retention days in the config file. 

### Step 3. Attach the CloudWatch logs policy to the IAM role attached to instance.
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Attach AWS managed policy `AmazonElasticFileSystemsUtils` to the iam role you attached to the instance, or the aws credentials
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configured on your instance.

After completing the three prerequisite steps, you will be able to see mount status notifications in CloudWatch Logs.

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## License Summary

This code is made available under the MIT license.